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Coptic Unicode (Advanced computer users only)

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--- Quote ---Until a few years ago, Coptic was included together with Greek in
Unicode. Because Greek and Coptic share the same type of letters, the
Unicode Consortium used common letters for Greek A/Coptic A, Greek
B/Coptic B and so on.
This is not good, because the acceptable font style for Coptic and
Greek is different. I see that in Coptic it is common for the letters
to appear as if written with caligraphy while modern greek look more
similar to english.

However, last year, the Unicode Consortium has published Unicode 4.1.0
which includes full support for Coptic. That is, there is specific
place in Unicode (truetype) fonts that one can put the whole Coptic
For more on this see

What does this mean for old fonts?
You can convert them to become Unicode by moving the characters from
the current English location to the proper Coptic place.
Since you use Linux, you can use "fontforge".
The file
will be able to guide you to place the characters in the existing
Coptic fonts to the proper place (starting from index 0x2C80).

--- End quote ---

I tried to make this convertion and I was about to success but I had only one big problem
it is the special characters like Jenkem and the point under line the letter and others
those characters I didn't know how to make them work

attached with this message sample picture of the signs I failed to convert
So I wonder if some one have better experiance and/or better software to make the translation issue for me?
And me in my turn will provide software to convert the old Asci Fonts into new Unicode font
And another software to make it easy for anyone to use the new Unicode
And also I will convert this forum to be fully integrated with the new coptic unicode fonts and ask the visitors to download them

Whether the combining marks are positioned properly on the letters is an issue of the font.
for a comparison of this between existing Unicode fonts that support Coptic.

The source file for the comparison screenshot is available at
(You need a program like, to open the file).
You also need to install Unicode fonts with Coptic support. See

If you have Coptic fonts on your system, then the post
should be readable. It is modern Greek written with the Coptic writing system.

Moheb is working on converting the Coptic Church (non-Unicode) fonts into Unicode fonts. His work is availalbe at

There are keyboard drivers to write coptic for Windows, OS/X and Linux (proof of concept).
Ask here if you are interested to help with publishing the Linux version.

It's important to revive the Coptic writing system, and it's technically feasible.
It's an issue of being focused on this project and take it all the way to completion.


For entering Unicode under Windiws XP, there is also
the keymapping defined by Logos Research:

They also provide all needed files for installing the keyboard.

For Linux: I have found 2 methods: either through a virtual
keyboard, or through the cop file I generated, for more details

hope this helps.

For the Linux keyboard layout, you can post it upstream so that it is included by default in new Linux versions.

See a similar report, at

Having done that, you will be able to enable Coptic following simple instructions such as (Requires Flash).

Hi Moheb!

I tried out your keyboard layout. I did the mininal changes required so that the Coptic keyboard can be easily set from the Keyboard Settings in GNOME (no need to type special commands) and I switch between English and Coptic with Alt-Shift.

I see that only 2-3 keys are different between the modern greek and the Coptic keyboard.


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