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Author Topic: verb conjugations  (Read 328 times)

15 March , 2020, 03:41:31 PM
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ⲧⲁⲛⲓⲉⲗ ⲅⲓⲣⲅⲓⲥ

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verb conjugations
« on: 15 March , 2020, 03:41:31 PM »
how do you conjugate the verb, to be, in past and future tense in coptic?

16 March , 2020, 01:33:46 AM
Reply #1

Offline ⲡⲓⲙⲟⲩⲓ

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Re: verb conjugations
« Reply #1 on: 16 March , 2020, 01:33:46 AM »
ⲛⲟϥⲣⲓ ⲧⲁⲛⲓⲉⲗ,

As far as I know, there's no "verb to be" in Coptic. Linguistically speaking, there's of course a Copula in Coptic, not a verb (i.e., no conjugation) though.

ⲟⲩϫⲁⲓ,
ⲡⲓⲙⲟⲩⲓ

17 March , 2020, 11:49:13 PM
Reply #2

Offline ⲡⲓⲙⲟⲩⲓ

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Re: verb conjugations
« Reply #2 on: 17 March , 2020, 11:49:13 PM »
Yes, I would still use the copulae ⲡⲉ, ⲧⲉ and ⲛⲉ in the past tense, but I would precede the sentence with a ⲛⲉ to indicate the past. Also, I am not an expert myself, and it would be interesting to hear what others recommend.

ⲟⲩϫⲁⲓ,
ⲡⲓⲙⲟⲩⲓ

14 April , 2020, 07:19:12 PM
Reply #3

Offline Admin

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    • Ⲧⲉⲛⲁⲥⲡⲓ
Re: verb conjugations
« Reply #3 on: 14 April , 2020, 07:19:12 PM »
Quote
would you still use the words ⲡⲉ, ⲧⲉ, ⲛⲉ, even if you were referring to the past tense
Usually you don't use ⲡⲉ, ⲧⲉ, ⲛⲉ in verbal sentences.

For example:
He is talking: ϥⲥⲁϫⲓ
He talked: Ⲁϥⲥⲁϫⲓ
You use it for nominal sentences
Ⲁⲛⲟⲕ ⲟⲩϩⲏⲕⲓ ⲡⲉ I am poor (no tense)
Ⲁⲛⲟⲕ ⲡⲉ ⲡⲉⲕϣⲫⲏⲣ I am your friend.
Hope that helps